Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: FCI breed standard
Breed Standard Cavalier King Charles Spaniel FCI No. 136
Country of origin
Group 9: companions and that dog
Section 7 English Toy Spaniels
In the photo: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Temperament: active, graceful, well balanced dog.
Character: Athletic, sociable, without a tendency to nervousness.
General form: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (Cavalier) is proportionally complex, slightly elongated format, compact, with a well-developed skeleton.
Dimensions: weight 5.4 - 8.2 kg. (12 to 18 pounds).
Note: the height at the withers is 30 - 34 cm. The British standard does not give an accurate determination of the size of the dog, giving preference to proportional addition.
Head: good volume. The head between the ears is wide and flat. Stop (transition from forehead to muzzle) is moderately pronounced and not deep.
Bite: Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and full scissor bite.
Muzzle: moderately tapers to the lobe. The length from the base of the foot to the tip of the nose is approximately 1.5 inches (3.8 cm). This is the main difference of the breed. The lips are well developed, covering the lower jaw. The front part is well filled under the eyes.
An undesirable tendency to an elongated, narrow muzzle.
Nose: black, well developed, without unpainted spots.
Eyes: Large, dark, round, but not convex, widely spaced. The look is friendly.
The ears: hanging, set high. The base of the ears is located significantly above the eyes, emphasizing the flat dome of the head. The ears are covered with long and thick hair.
Neck: strong with a beautiful convex scruff, medium length.
Case: slightly stretched format. Chest oval, moderately deep. The loin is short. The back is straight. The croup is moderately and smoothly mowed.
Males should have two normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum of the testicle.
Limbs: strong, not long, when moving parallel, not brought together. The elbows are tight to the chest. The knee joints are not twisted. Paws are round, compact, in a lump, with developed pads and good overgrowth.
Tail: The tail is long, not cropped, perfectly overgrown. Holds no higher than the back line.
Hairline: The structure of the coat is silky. The hair is straight or slightly wavy. Suppose an incomplete curl (not forming a ring). The hair on the ears, below the neck and body, on the back of the limbs and on the tail is long. Trimming is not allowed.
Movement: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel moves with energetic sweeping steps, while maintaining a straight line of his back. The movements are free, light, swimming with a good wide stride and with a strong back push. The front and hind limbs move in parallel when viewed from the front and rear.
Color: four types of color are registered:
- Black and tan - the color of the raven wing with tan markings of a bright red color, located above the eyes, on the cheekbones, the inner surface of the ears, chest, limbs and under the tail. White spots are undesirable.
- Ruby- saturated red color with a touch of mahogany. White spots are undesirable.
- Blenheim - Saturated chestnut stains on a pearl white background. A white rhombus should be placed on the crown of the head, in the center there may be a small chestnut stain in the size of a “penny,” which is a unique characteristic of the breed.
- Tricolor- on a pearl-white background there are black spots with a red tan on the eyebrows, on the cheeks, inside the ears, on the chest, legs, and the lower part of the tail. A wide white hole passes between the eyes on the forehead.
Solid colors should not have white spots. Only a few white hairs on the chest are acceptable.
Colored colors on a white background should not have specks.
Disqualification: cryptorchidism, deviations from a scissor bite, colors other than the four mentioned above, in dogs, blenheim and tricolor are “clown faces” (white spots near one or two eyes, white ears), unprovoked aggression, pronounced deviations from the standard.