Dog sterilization: pros and cons, cost, methods, postoperative care
- What is dog sterilization
- Dog Sterilization: Pros and Cons
- Dog sterilization: price
- When can a dog be sterilized?
- Dog sterilization age
- Preparing the dog for sterilization
- Dog sterilization methods
- How much the dog moves away from anesthesia after sterilization
- Dog after sterilization: grooming
- When to remove stitches after sterilizing a dog
- Sterilized dog
- Discharge in a dog after sterilization
- In a dog, the mammary glands swell after sterilization
- Dog sterilization at home
What is dog sterilization
Dog sterilization is an operation related to the removal of reproductive organs (ovaries and uterus), which leads to a loss of attraction to the opposite sex. After sterilization, the dog completely loses its ability to reproduce.
Dog Sterilization: Pros and Cons
Dog sterilization has both pros and cons. And each owner solves this issue independently, having weighed all the pros and cons of dog sterilization.
Advantages of dog sterilization:
- The absence of estrus, and as a result there is no blood discharge, as well as a smell that attracts males.
- No consequences of estrus - false pregnancy.
- Stable emotional state of the dog, since there are no hormonal surges.
- Significant reduction in the risk of cancer (with early sterilization).
- Inability to reproduce.
As you can see, there are a lot of advantages of dog sterilization. However, there are risks.
Cons of dog sterilization:
- Unusual individual reactions to the drug or manipulation are possible.
- A long period of rehabilitation.
- Inability to reproduce.
- The risk of postoperative complications.
Pictured: dog sterilization avoids the appearance of unplanned puppies
Dog sterilization: price
We answer the question, "How much does dog sterilization cost?"
In Belarus, the price of sterilizing a dog varies from 80 to 200 Belarusian rubles.
In Russia, the cost of sterilizing a dog ranges from 2680 to 7000 Russian rubles.
When can a dog be sterilized?
Dog sterilization can be done at any time of the year. You can sterilize a dog in the heat, if you have the opportunity in the postoperative period to keep the dog in a cool room.
Dog sterilization age
Many owners wonder: at what age can a dog be sterilized? Speaking about the age of dog sterilization, veterinarians are increasingly saying that the sooner the better.
Early sterilization of the dog (before the first estrus, which is about 5 months) reduces the risk of developing breast cancer. From this conclusion: the optimal age for dog sterilization is about 5 months.
Preparing the dog for sterilization
Another question that often worries owners: "How to prepare a dog for sterilization?"
First of all, I note that the indications for dog sterilization are:
- sex drive
- reproductive organ enlargement,
- polycystic ovary,
How to prepare a dog for sterilization? Keep in mind that sterilization is carried out under general anesthesia, therefore it is important to undergo preliminary diagnostics: ultrasound, biochemical and general blood tests, ECG.
An important part of preparing a dog for sterilization: a 12-hour hungry diet with an active range, without drinking restrictions.
It is also necessary to wash and comb the dog.
Before the operation in the clinic, the doctor should examine the animal: measure the temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure, conduct an external examination, visually assess the condition of the dog. Only clinically healthy animals are allowed to be sterilized (if this is a planned operation).
Dog sterilization methods
- Ovariectomy - a method of sterilizing a dog, involving the removal of the uterus and ovaries through an incision in the abdominal cavity. This is a fairly simple operation that is performed abdominally.
- Laparoscopy- the least traumatic method of dog sterilization, which excludes direct contact of the surgeon with the organs and tissues of the animal. The operation is carried out by applying small punctures (incisions) into which the laparoscope is located. This is one of the most modern methods of sterilization, which has many advantages, but it is not used in all clinics.
- Chemical sterilization of dogs - a method of sterilizing dogs, which involves the use of pharmaceuticals, resulting in a temporary deprivation of the animal's ability to reproduce. This type of sterilization is very harmful to health - it is a 100% guarantee of the development of pyometritis, endometritis and oncology.
Many sources use the concept of endoscopic method of dog sterilization, but this concept alone is incorrect, since endoscopy implies penetration into the body through natural openings, is used for diagnostic purposes (probing).
How much the dog moves away from anesthesia after sterilization
Many owners wonder how the dog moves away from anesthesia after sterilization and how long it takes.
During the first 2 to 3 hours after the operation, the animal regains consciousness, and after 24 hours the anesthesia is completely excreted.
It is important to know the characteristics of the dog’s behavior in the postoperative period.
When the animal wakes up from anesthesia, it will still have a shaky gait and confused consciousness. This is normal. Do not allow the dog to climb on sofas and beds after sterilization, as it may fall and be injured due to poor coordination.
Against the background of the withdrawal from anesthesia in the dog, attacks of aggression or panic are possible, the animal may not recognize the owner. This is also a normal reaction, after a complete exit from anesthesia, such phenomena will stop.
Dog after sterilization: grooming
Proper dog care after sterilization is important. Competent actions of the owner will accelerate the recovery of the pet after surgery. First of all, it is worth following all the instructions of the veterinarian.
The first day is the most critical: in the first 24 hours after sterilization, the dog leaves anesthesia, so you need to stay next to her and carefully monitor her condition. It is important to pay attention to breathing and heart rate.
In which cases it is urgent to contact a veterinarian:
- Irregular, intermittent, heavy breathing with open mouth.
- Gurgling, squelching, or wheezing in the dog’s chest.
- Body temperature is below or above normal. The norm is considered to be a decrease in temperature of not more than 0.5 degrees and an increase in temperature to 1 degree in the first 2 days after anesthesia. The normal body temperature in a dog is 37.5 - 39 degrees.
- Rare or, conversely, rapid heartbeat with interruptions.
- Pale or bluish mucous membranes.
- A small tremor that does not stop within 30 minutes or turns into cramps.
An important part of dog care after surgery is the treatment of stitches after sterilization.
Immediately after the sterilization operation, the dog will be treated with sutures and put on a postoperative blanket, so in the first day you will not need to worry about it. But after 24 hours you need to process the seams.
It is important to follow the recommendations of the veterinarian, since the features of the treatment of joints after sterilization of the dog depend on the method of application and the suture material. If the veterinarian says that it is not necessary to treat the suture after the dog is sterilized, but you see that the wound does not heal for a long time or becomes inflamed (discharge, rash, swelling or redness are visible), seek a second consultation.
Normally, the seam should be dry, without sores, crusts or scratches and other signs of the inflammatory process. Every day, the condition of the seam should improve.
Caring for a dog after sterilization involves wearing postoperative blankets that protects the suture from mechanical damage and bacteria. Remember that one blanket may not be enough - it quickly gets wet and becomes dirty. Therefore, it is advisable to change the daily postoperative blanket for the dog. During the processing of postoperative sutures, blankets should not be removed from the dog: just untie a few ribbons and slide it to the side.
Caring for a dog after sterilization also involves restricting the animal's movement so that the seams do not burst or stretch. Preferred are quiet walks without talking to other dogs, running and jumping. If it’s difficult for the dog to go down and up the stairs, take it for a walk, but be careful: raising or placing the pet on the ground incorrectly can damage the seam.
You can not bathe the dog for 3 weeks after surgery.
In the photo: in order to protect the seams after sterilizing the dog from licking, sometimes it is necessary to put on the dog not only a blanket, but also a postoperative collar
When to remove stitches after sterilizing a dog
The veterinarian will warn in advance whether to remove stitches and when to do it. Most often, the stitches after sterilization of the dog are removed on 10-14 days. But there are cases when there is no need to remove the seams: the threads partially absorb, partially dry and come out on their own. It all depends on the type of suture material and the method of suturing.
Owners sometimes ask if there is estrus after sterilization of the dog. If sterilization is complete (that is, the uterus and ovaries are removed), then estrus is not possible in a sterilized dog.
Discharge in a dog after sterilization
It happens that in a dog after sterilization, discharge from the loop is observed. If your pet has spotting, this is a reason to contact your veterinarian immediately.
In a dog, the mammary glands swell after sterilization
Sometimes owners ask themselves what to do if the dog’s mammary glands swell after sterilization. This may be a sign of mastitis. So if you notice this in your dog, you should immediately contact a veterinarian. In no case do not self-medicate!
Dog sterilization at home
Sometimes owners ask if sterilization of the dog at home is possible. There is such an opportunity. Some veterinarians perform similar operations. However, keep in mind that sterilization is a surgical operation that is performed under general deep anesthesia, which means it carries risks. Therefore, it is much safer to sterilize the dog, not at home, but in the clinic.